Hi-lift and some sort of solid base and lifting points. Jack up one side of the vehicle. Assuming you have 4 maxtrax/element ramps/waffle boards place 1 under each tire, repeat on other side. Assuming you have 2, put both under front or rear tires. Then fill the other holes with branches and logs. You can use your bow saw, axe, or chain saw you have to help you.
You can also pave yourself a way out with branches thicker pieces of wood you've collected if need be.
Naturally you'll aid your truck by using your shovel to clear under the vehicle as best you can and perhaps you could aid your path of branches and down fall with any gravel you might find.
Back your truck to freedom and then go retrieve your tools once your on solid ground. Might try to patch up the trail some as it's never fun going through peoples ruts, even if dry. I'll leave that to your discretion.
I suppose if you have no traction aids like ramps or waffle boards you could try with just downfall and lots of it, along with shoveling. I would still do the same, jack the vehicle, fill the hole back in and stuff lots of brush and branches and downfall under the tires, pave a path to solid ground. Clear under the truck with the shovel so you're not dragging.
Key tools: hi lift and jacking points, shovel, axe or bow saw, gloves
making life easier: waffle boards/ ramps
Of course you can do without the hi-lift but you'll have to get clever with the stock jack or a bottle jack and you'll want to carry some sort of base and maybe some different sized chunks of 4x4 blocks
or hi-lift winching or come along, should still try to lift the truck up out of the holes and fill them in and clear under it with a shovel
nicer would be an exhaust jack
Edit: oh yeah and of course you'd think to bring emergency snacks water blankets dry socks etc etc... so if you had to stay a night or two it'd be no issue and you'd have told people where you were headed so it'd be no issue at all
then you'd get out assess the situation, maybe step back and think about it for a few minutes before lunging into shit and getting angry and upset
OH and one time I used two heavy duty pallets to get myself unstuck out of the snow. I had to get turned around so I just kept repositioning them until I got all the way turned around. I had to dig and lift the truck out of the snow to reset them. PITA so I bought waffle boards.
dbl edit: you know about deflating and turning the steering wheel back and forth right? also you could stack rocks as well, doesn't have to be wood, floor mats kinda work
triple edit: if it were truly a life/death situation or a situation where you didn't give a fuck about thrashing your trucks fenders you could lash sections of logs to your tires just assess to see if you'll lodge the log in your wheel well and make the situation worse