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How To: Replacing Spark Plugs and Wires on 5VZ-FE 3.4 V6

Discussion in '1st Gen. Tacomas' started by TacomaJPP, Jan 31, 2013.

  1. Jan 31, 2013 at 9:21 PM
    #1
    TacomaJPP

    TacomaJPP [OP] To secure peace, is to prepare for war

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    Safety Blurb: Don’t do anything stupid. If you do something stupid and kill yourself or your truck, don’t blame me. You’re responsible for your own actions and if you are desperate enough to read a “how to” on the internet, then you assume all responsibility for the outcome. Let’s get started.


    Tools Required:

    3/8" Ratchet

    14" of 3/8" extensions

    Spark Plug Socket

    Flathead screwdriver

    10mm wrench

    Spark plug gapper

    Torque wrench (13 ft-lbs and 69 in-lbs)

    [​IMG]


    Optional Tools:

    Digital Multimeter (DMM)

    Code Reader


    Parts Required:

    Toyota Spark Plugs

    Qty: 6

    Part Number: 9091901192

    Price: $2.44 each x 6 = $14.64

    [​IMG]

    Toyota Spark Plug Wire Set

    Qty: 1

    Part Number: 1903762010

    Price: $55.05

    [​IMG]

    Source: www.partznet.com


    Factory Service Documents:

    Attached and will be found at the bottom of this post.


    Symptoms: As part of a routine maintenance plan, spark plugs and wires should be changed more frequently than most folks do them. 100,000 miles is probably acceptable. My truck had 104,000 miles since the last change. I experienced a severe driveline shudder. In fact, it prompted me to replace my carrier bearing.

    After the carrier bearing replacement, it was obvious that the problem still existed. My CEL flashed randomly for about 15 seconds on a couple of different occassions when I tried to accelerate hard. I felt a severe driveline vibration.

    Eventually, my cousin, a certified mechanic suggested I change the plugs and wires. I ended up using a code reader and retrieved a P0306 code. The P0306 means a misfire on cylinder #6. P030X code indicates a misfire. The"x" digit will indicate the cylinder.

    However, the P030X code could be a wide range of things including: bad spark plug, faulty spark plug wire, faulty coil, faulty cam sensor, faulty crank sensor, or a dead cylinder based on insufficient compression. It really runs the board.

    Cylinder Diagram.

    [​IMG]


    Step 1. Unplug your battery and let your engine cool.


    Step 2. Prepare to remove the plug wires on the driver side of the engine. Remove the bolts as pictured below. Also lift the vacuum line out of the hook and tuck it underneath the hook. This will allow for flexibility of the lines to make unplugging the boots and removing/installing the plugs much easier.

    [​IMG]


    Step 3. Prepare the passenger side of the engine. This is most easily done by removing the air intake tube. Pictured below are the components that need to be unclipped, unscrewed, etc to get the air tube out.

    [​IMG]

    [​IMG]


    Step 4. Return to the driver side and begin with cylinder #6 (closest to the driver's seat) and begin removing each boot on the driverside, progressively working closer to the front of the engine.

    Continue by unclipping the spark plugs wires from the retainer clips across the front of the engine.


    Step 5. Unclip the spark plug wires from the each of the coil packs. Do so by using a flathead screwdriver.

    [​IMG]


    Step 6. Return to the driver's side and remove the spark plug from cylinder #6 using a 3/8" ratchet with 14" of extensions and the spark plug socket.


    Step 7. Gap your spark plugs. Although the spark plugs are supposed to come pre-gapped, they aren't. All 6 of the plugs I received were gapped at 0.022". The specification calls for a gap on the 5VZ-FE motor of 0.043". Since it is a dual electrode plug, you will need to gap each electrode.


    Step 8. Dab a small amount of spark plug dielectric onto the end of the spark plug where the boot connects. You can purchase spark plug dielectric in the small "condom" packs typically found at the counter of your local auto parts store.

    NOTE: There is much internet debate about whether or not to lubricate the threads of your spark plug. Since NGK is one supplier of Toyota spark plugs, I found this article of particular interest. Summary: The Denso and NGK spark plugs have nickel plated threads. The nickel plating has a lubricating quality not requiring any anti-seize or other lubricants. Moreover, anti-seize will tend to create so much lubricity that mechanics will tend to over-torque the spark plugs and will cause problems for removal later.

    See technical publication: http://www.ngksparkplugs.com/pdf/tb-0630111antisieze.pdf


    Step 9. Install the spark plugs into each cylinder on the driver's side of the engine. Spark plugs are to be torqued to 13 ft-lbs. Be careful not to strip the threads. This is best done by getting the spark plugs started by using the spark plug socket and extension and starting it with your fingers.


    Step 10. Move to the passenger side of the engine andr emove the cylinder #1 coil. To do this, unbolt the 10mm bolt and unclip the electrical supply clip by using a flathead screwdriver to apply leverage to the retainer clip and gently pull up.


    Step 11. Remove the spark plug and replace it.


    Step 12. Use some alcohol and Q-tips to clean the tip of the coil boot and just inside of the boot. Be sure to not damage the spring up inside the boot.

    [​IMG]


    Step 13. Reinstall the coil, pressing firmly down and re-installing the 10mm bolt that holds the coil down. Torque this bolt to 69inch-lbs. Next, install the electrical supply clip into the coil.


    Step 14. Repeat this for cylinders #3 and #5.


    Step 15. Take the new plug wire set and begin installing the wires by clipping the plugs on the passenger side of the engine starting at cylinder #5 and progressively working towards the front of the engine. Work your way across the front of the engine by clipping the wire set into the plastic cover for the timing belt. Leave the last one (on the top, on the driver's side) unclipped for now.

    Begin by fishing the #6 boot across the valve cover and plugging it into cylinder #6. Next, install the boot for cylinder #4 and finish by plugging the #2 boot in. You can now clip the final clip into the plastic timing belt cover.


    Step 16. Re-install the bolts on the driver's side of the engine removed during preparation and rehook the vacuum line back on the hook.


    Step 17. Move to the passenger side of the engine and reinstall air tube making sure to plug the MAF sensor back in and tighten all of the spring clamps and hooking up all of the vacuum lines that were removed in Step 3.


    Step 18. Hook battery back up.
     

    Attached Files:

  2. Jan 31, 2013 at 10:36 PM
    #2
    smuook

    smuook Daily Driver "Plus"

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    Nice write up. We'll done.
     
  3. Feb 1, 2013 at 3:58 AM
    #3
    TacomaJPP

    TacomaJPP [OP] To secure peace, is to prepare for war

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    Thanks. As my truck ages and requires more TLC, the more I appreciate how easy it is to work on. It has to be one of the easier modern trucks to work on. Couple that with the nifty demographic of Tacoma owners and their copious amount of know-how and the forum and it makes it that much easier.
     
  4. Feb 5, 2013 at 4:01 PM
    #4
    KerlyQ

    KerlyQ Well-Known Member

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    ...You Sir,...Are Awesome!!!
     
  5. Mar 18, 2013 at 6:51 AM
    #5
    TacoSkeet

    TacoSkeet 'MERICA

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    Wow awesome write up! Just changed my plugs yesterday and man, they needed it bad!
     
  6. Mar 18, 2013 at 7:05 AM
    #6
    Madjik_Man

    Madjik_Man The Rembrandt of Rattle Can

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    this should be stickied
     
  7. Mar 18, 2013 at 8:19 AM
    #7
    06texasedition

    06texasedition Well-Known Member

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    Is that the denso plugs from dealership
     
  8. Mar 18, 2013 at 8:56 AM
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    StAndrew

    StAndrew Wait for it...

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  9. Mar 18, 2013 at 9:57 AM
    #9
    TacomaJPP

    TacomaJPP [OP] To secure peace, is to prepare for war

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    Mine were NGK.
     
    Last edited: Mar 18, 2013
  10. Mar 18, 2013 at 10:57 AM
    #10
    06texasedition

    06texasedition Well-Known Member

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    U got them from dealership
     
  11. Mar 18, 2013 at 1:58 PM
    #11
    Anthony250

    Anthony250 E-Fabber

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    What difference would it make if I did not check my spark plug gap to make sure they were at 0.043" ?
     
  12. Mar 19, 2013 at 6:29 PM
    #12
    TacomaJPP

    TacomaJPP [OP] To secure peace, is to prepare for war

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    www.partznet.com which is a Toyota dealership. Conicelli Toyota I believe.
     
  13. Mar 19, 2013 at 6:34 PM
    #13
    TacomaJPP

    TacomaJPP [OP] To secure peace, is to prepare for war

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    On my first Tacoma (2.7), I didn't gap my brand new Toyota, "pre-gapped" plugs. When I started the truck, it barely ran. Had to pull and properly gap them.

    It depends on how bad they are. If you read above, I started having a misfire due to the electrode being eat away (0.060" gap). I could instantly tell more power after replacement.

    It matters and effects efficiency and performance.
     
  14. Apr 7, 2013 at 10:01 AM
    #14
    yota4Whelz

    yota4Whelz Well-Known Member

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    subd for wen i do this
     
  15. Apr 7, 2013 at 10:14 AM
    #15
    isu2014

    isu2014 RAT Products

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    This is a good write up. I changed mine a while back and didn't gap my plugs. I haven't gapped my last 2 sets. I wonder if they are actually off. I don't use oem plugs though.
     
  16. Apr 7, 2013 at 6:35 PM
    #16
    Aught2TaCO

    Aught2TaCO Well-Known Member

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    Subbed for reference, thanks for the A1 write up!
     
  17. Apr 7, 2013 at 6:53 PM
    #17
    Madjik_Man

    Madjik_Man The Rembrandt of Rattle Can

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    When I went to the dealer to buy OEM plugs, the techs there say they don't gap the OEM plugs because they're too spec from Denso. They said if the plugs come with that little plastic protector over the electrodes then they are always to spec.

    Since I don't have a tool to measure the gap, I took their word for it.

    I know this doesn't have much to do with your post but... :notsure:
     
  18. Apr 8, 2013 at 4:59 PM
    #18
    CoryB

    CoryB Member

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    I've used both NGK and Denso plugs, each with the little protectors on them. EVERY NGK was spot on while only two of six Denso plugs were gapped right.

    I always check plug gap...
     
  19. Apr 8, 2013 at 10:41 PM
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    Aught2TaCO

    Aught2TaCO Well-Known Member

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  20. Apr 9, 2013 at 4:31 PM
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    DangerTaco

    DangerTaco The older the bear, the sweeter the juice

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    Subbed even though i had to do it before without a guide lol, coulda saved me a bloody knuckle
     
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